Study of the James algebra yields a new type of imaginary number *additive* imaginary, while *multiplicative* imaginary. The * Image* shows some primary characteristics of

*Iconic Arithmetic Volume III*. The origin of the content presented on this page and on the James Algebra page is discussed in depth in Jeffrey James’ 1993 masters thesis from the University of Washington. The thesis,

*A Calculus of Number Based on Spatial Forms*, is available online on the ancient Laws of Form website.

Note, October 2020: The James algebra content is being explored and greatly expanded in a series of three volumes of *Iconic Arithmetic* described on this site:

*Iconic Arithmetic Volume III* which is due in early 2021.